[Ninux-Wireless] Fwd: FSF condemns partnership between Mozilla and Adobe to support Digital Restrictions Management
massimiliano a null.net
Gio 15 Maggio 2014 19:08:21 CEST
-------- Original Message --------
Subject: FSF condemns partnership between Mozilla and Adobe to support
Digital Restrictions Management
Date: Thu, 15 May 2014 02:22:33 -0400
From: Free Software Foundation <info a fsf.org>
Reply-To: Free Software Foundation <info a fsf.org>
To: Massimiliano CARNEMOLLA <massimiliano a null.net>
/You can read this post online at https://u.fsf.org/xk./
FSF condemns partnership between Mozilla and Adobe to support Digital
BOSTON, Massachusetts, USA — Wednesday, May 14th, 2014 — In response to
Mozilla's announcement that it is reluctantly adopting DRM in its
Firefox Web browser, Free Software Foundation executive director John
Sullivan made the following statement:
"Only a week after the International Day Against DRM
<https://defectivebydesign.org/dayagainstdrm/>, Mozilla has announced
that it will partner with proprietary software company Adobe to
implement support for Web-based Digital Restrictions Management
(DRM) in its Firefox browser, using Encrypted Media Extensions (EME).
The Free Software Foundation is deeply disappointed in Mozilla's
announcement. The decision compromises important principles in order to
alleviate misguided fears about loss of browser marketshare. It allies
Mozilla with a company hostile to the free software movement and to
Mozilla's own fundamental ideals.
Although Mozilla will not directly ship Adobe's proprietary DRM plugin,
it will, as an official feature, encourage Firefox users to install the
plugin from Adobe when presented with media that requests DRM. We agree
with Cory Doctorow that there is no meaningful distinction between
'installing DRM' and 'installing code that installs DRM.'
We recognize that Mozilla is doing this reluctantly, and we trust these
words coming from Mozilla much more than we do when they come from
Microsoft or Amazon. At the same time, nearly everyone who implements
DRM says they are forced to do it, and this lack of accountability is
how the practice sustains itself. Mozilla's announcement today
unfortunately puts it -- in this regard -- in the same category as its
Unlike those proprietary competitors, Mozilla is going to great lengths
to reduce some of the specific harms of DRM by attempting to 'sandbox'
the plugin. But this approach cannot solve the fundamental ethical
problems with proprietary software, or the issues that inevitably arise
when proprietary software is installed
<https://www.gnu.org/philosophy/proprietary.html> on a user's computer.
In the announcement
Mitchell Baker asserts that Mozilla's hands were tied. But she then goes
on to actively praise Adobe's "value" and suggests that there is some
kind of necessary balance between DRM and user freedom.
There is nothing necessary about DRM, and to hear Mozilla praising Adobe
-- the company who has been and continues to be a vicious opponent of
the free software movement and the free Web -- is shocking. With this
partnership in place, we worry about Mozilla's ability and willingness
to criticize Adobe's practices going forward.
We understand that Mozilla is afraid of losing users. Cory Doctorow
that they have produced no evidence to substantiate this fear or made
any effort to study the situation. More importantly, popularity is not
an end in itself. This is especially true for the Mozilla Foundation, a
nonprofit with an ethical mission. In the past, Mozilla has
distinguished itself and achieved success by protecting the freedom of
its users and explaining the importance of that freedom: including
publishing Firefox's source code, allowing others to make modifications
to it, and sticking to Web standards in the face of attempts to impose
Today's decision turns that calculus on its head, devoting Mozilla
resources to delivering users to Adobe and hostile media distributors.
In the process, Firefox is losing the identity which set it apart from
its proprietary competitors -- Internet Explorer and Chrome -- both of
which are implementing EME in an even worse fashion.
Undoubtedly, some number of users just want restricted media like
Netflix to work in Firefox, and they will be upset if it doesn't. This
is unsurprising, since the majority of the world is not yet familiar
with the ethical issues surrounding proprietary software. This debate
was, and is, a high-profile opportunity to introduce these concepts to
users and ask them to stand together in some tough decisions.
To see Mozilla compromise without making any public effort to rally
users against this supposed "forced choice" is doubly disappointing.
They should reverse this decision. But whether they do or do not, we
call on them to join us by devoting as many of their extensive resources
to permanently eliminating DRM as they are now devoting to supporting
it. The FSF will have more to say and do on this in the coming days. For
now, users who are concerned about this issue should:
*Write to Mozilla CTO Andreas Gal and let him know that you oppose
DRM <mailto:agal a mozilla.com>*. Mozilla made this decision in a
misguided appeal to its userbase; it needs to hear in clear and
reasoned terms from the users who feel this as a betrayal. Ask
Mozilla what it is going to do to actually solve the DRM problem
that has created this false forced choice.
*Join our effort to stop EME approval
<https://defectivebydesign.org/no-drm-in-html5> at the W3C*. While
today's announcement makes it even more obvious that W3C rejection
of EME will not stop its implementation, it also makes it clear that
W3C can fearlessly reject EME to send a message that DRM is /not/ a
part of the vision of a free Web.
*Use a version of Firefox without the EME code*: Since its source
code is available under a license allowing anyone to modify and
redistribute it under a different name, we expect versions without
EME to be made available, and you should use those instead. We will
list them in the Free Software Directory <https://directory.fsf.org>.
*Donate to support the work of the Free Software Foundation
<https://u.fsf.org/xi> and our Defective by Design
<https://u.fsf.org/xh> campaign to actually end DRM.* Until it's
completely gone, Mozilla and others will be constantly tempted to
capitulate, and users will be pressured to continue using some
proprietary software. If not us, give to another group fighting
against digital restrictions."
* What is DRM?
Free Software Foundation
+1 (617) 542 5942
campaigns a fsf.org <mailto:campaigns a fsf.org>
About the Free Software Foundation
The Free Software Foundation, founded in 1985, is dedicated to promoting
computer users' right to use, study, copy, modify, and redistribute
computer programs. The FSF promotes the development and use of free (as
in freedom) software -- particularly the GNU operating system and its
GNU/Linux variants -- and free documentation for free software. The FSF
also helps to spread awareness of the ethical and political issues of
freedom in the use of software, and its Web sites, located at fsf.org
and gnu.org, are an important source of information about GNU/Linux.
Donations to support the FSF's work can be made at
https://donate.fsf.org. Its headquarters are in Boston, MA, USA.
Follow us on GNU social <https://status.fsf.org/fsf> | Subscribe to our
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